Spinal Cord Injury Treatment

By | July 2, 2017

Unfortunately, there’s merely anything that can be done to reverse the damage done to the spinal cord once. But the researchers are working day and night to find new treatments, including medications and prostheses that might promote the regeneration of the nerve cell or improve the function of the nerves that maintain the spinal cord after the injury.
Meanwhile, the spinal cord injury treatment focuses on preventing further injury to the cord and also empowering and encouraging the people with a spinal cord injury to living and active and productive life.
What emergency actions need to be taken when a person suffers from a sudden spinal cord injury?
Urgent medication is crucial to minimize the effects of any head or neck trauma. So the treatment of the spinal cord injury mainly begins at the scene of the accident.
The emergency actions require gently and quickly as possible to immobilize the spine with the help of a rigid neck collar and a straight carrying board, which is used to transport the person to the hospital.
Acute Stages of Spinal Cord Treatment
When a patient is taken to the emergency room, the doctors quickly focus on the following:
1. Maintaining the ability of the patient to breathe.
2. Preventing the injured person from going into any shock.
3. Immobilizing the neck to prevent any further damage to the spinal cord.
4. Avoiding any kind of possible compilations such as urine or stool, cardiovascular or respiratory difficulty and prevention of blood clots in the extremities.
The patient is given sedation before the treatment so that he or she does not sustain more damage during the diagnostic tests for the spinal cord injury.
One may even be transferred to a regional spinal cord injury center that has the skilled team of orthopedic, neurosurgeons, nurses, psychologist, therapist and social workers with expertise in spinal cord injury.
Ongoing care after the spinal cord treatment
After the disease or initial injury stabilizes, doctors turn their attention towards preventing secondary problems that may arise such as muscle contractures, pressure ulcers, bladder and bowel issues and blood clots.
The length of the patient’s hospitalization depends entirely on his condition and the medical issues he or she is facing. One the patient is well enough to participate in treatment and therapies, he, or she may be then transferred to a rehabilitation facility.
During the initial stages of the patient’s rehabilitation after the spinal cord injury treatment, the therapists usually focus more on the maintenance and strengthening of the existing muscle function, learning adaptive techniques to accomplish daily tasks and redeveloping fine motor skills.
The patient will be educated about the effects of a spinal cord injury and how to prevent any complications in later life. One will be given expert advice on rebuilding his or her life and increasing the quality of their lives. The patient will also be encouraged to resume his favorite hobbies, participate in fitness and social activities and go back to school or the workplace.
The doctor may not right away give any prognosis about one’s injury. Recovery, if it occurs, may start after week or months after a spinal cord injury treatment. However, many people experience small improvements for up to one year or longer.

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